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Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematographe.

It is also known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights.

Top: Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, Place des Terreaux with Fontaine Bartholdi and Lyon City Hall at night.

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During the Renaissance, the city's development was driven by the silk trade, which strengthened its ties to Italy.

(Italian influence on Lyon's architecture is still visible among historic buildings.) Thanks to the silk trade, the city became an important industrial town during the 19th century.

Bottom: Pont Lafayette, Part-Dieu district with the Place Bellecour in foreground during Festival of Lights.

and is France's third-largest city after Paris and Marseille.

Today, the archbishop of Lyon is still referred to as "Primat des Gaules" and the city often referred to as the "capitale des Gaules".

The Christians in Lyon were martyred for their beliefs under the reigns of various Roman emperors, most notably Marcus Aurelius and Septimus Severus.

Lyon is the capital of the Metropolis of Lyon and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

The metropolitan area of Lyon had a population of 2,265,375 in 2014, the second-largest in France after Paris.

In 843, by the Treaty of Verdun, Lyon, with the country beyond the Saône, went to Lothair I. Lyon did not come under French control until the 14th century.

Fernand Braudel remarked, "Historians of Lyon are not sufficiently aware of the bi-polarity between Paris and Lyon, which is a constant structure in French development..the late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution".

Dio Cassius says this task was to keep the two men from joining Mark Antony and bringing their armies into the developing conflict.

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