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Ribault erected a stone column at the site, claiming the newly discovered land for France.In 1564, René Goulaine de Laudonnière established the first European settlement, Fort Caroline, on the St. Philip II of Spain ordered Pedro Menéndez de Avilés to protect the interest of Spain by attacking the French presence at Fort Caroline.As with much of Florida, tourism is also important to the Jacksonville area, particularly tourism related to golf.

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The city was blockaded by Union forces, who gained control of nearby Fort Clinch.

Though no battles were fought in Jacksonville proper, the city changed hands several times between Union and Confederate forces.

They soon named the town Jacksonville, after Andrew Jackson. Hart, residents wrote a charter for a town government, which was approved by the Florida Legislative Council on February 9, 1832.

During the American Civil War, Jacksonville was a key supply point for hogs and cattle being shipped from Florida to feed the Confederate forces.

with which the city government consolidated in 1968.

Consolidation gave Jacksonville its great size and placed most of its metropolitan population within the city limits; with an estimated population of 913,010 as of 2017, Jacksonville is the most populous city in the state of Florida Jacksonville is centered on the banks of the St.

On Black Hammock Island in the national Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve, a University of North Florida team discovered some of the oldest remnants of pottery in the United States, dating to 2500 BC.

In the 16th century, the beginning of the historical era, the region was inhabited by the Mocama, a coastal subgroup of the Timucua people.

In the Skirmish of the Brick Church in 1862, Confederates won their first victory in the state. In February 1864 Union forces left Jacksonville and confronted a Confederate Army at the Battle of Olustee, going down to defeat.

However, Union forces captured a Confederate position at the Battle of St. Union forces retreated to Jacksonville and held the city for the remainder of the war.

A platted town was established there in 1822, a year after the United States gained Florida from Spain; it was named after Andrew Jackson, the first military governor of the Florida Territory and seventh President of the United States.

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